National symbols are a cohesive identity that bonds all the national population of a country. The three main symbols of the Republic of Southern Sudan are its Flag, Coat of Arms and National Anthem.

National Flag

Initially used by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army during the liberation struggle, the flag was adopted as the national flag of the new Republic of South Sudan by all political parties, the Government of Southern Sudan cabinet and the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly.

The colours of the flag symbolize the following:

Black – Black African skin
White – Peace attained after many years of the liberation struggle
Red- Blood that was shed by the liberation struggle Martyrs
Green- Country’s natural resources
Blue – Waters of the Nile River, a source of life for the country
Yellow – Star guiding the country and its citizens

Coat of Arms


The prominent feature of the Coat of Arms is the African fish eagle (Haliaeetus vociferous), which is common in most areas of South Sudan. It symbolizes vision, strength, resilience and majesty. The eagle is leaning against a traditional shield and crossed spear and spade, which symbolize the people’s resolve to protect the sovereignty of their nation and work hard to feed it.

National Anthem

Oh God
We praise and glorify you
For your grace on South Sudan
Land of great abundance
Uphold us united in peace and harmony

Oh Motherland

We rise raising flag with the guiding star
And sing songs of freedom and joy
For justice, Liberty and prosperity
Shall for evermore reign

Oh great patriots

Let us stand up in silence and respect
Saluting our martyrs whose blood
Cemented our national foundation
We vow to protect our nation
Oh God bless South Sudan

In August 2010, South Sudanese were invited to compose a national anthem. After three rounds of competition, University of Juba students won with their lyrics titled South Sudan Oyeeh (Hurray). A technical committee rearranged the original lyrics, which were then adopted as the official national anthem. The first stanza expresses gratitude for the abundant natural resources the country is endowed with; the second celebrates peace that the country now enjoys, while the third epitomizes the struggle of South Sudanese.